Christmas Eve

1 Oh sing to the LORD a new song,
for he has done | marvelous things!*
            His right hand and his holy arm
            have worked salva- | tion for him.

2 The LORD has made known his sal- | vation;*
         he has revealed his righteousness in the sight of the | nations.

3 He has remembered his steadfast love and
faithfulness to the house of | Israel.*
         All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation | of our God.

4 Make a joyful noise to the LORD, | all the earth;*
         break forth into joyous song
         and sing | praises!

5 Sing praises to the LORD | with the lyre,*
         with the lyre and the sound of | melody!

6 With trumpets and the sound | of the horn*
         make a joyful noise before the | King,
         the LORD!

9 He will judge the world with | righteousness,*
         and the peoples with | equity.

    —Psalm 98:1–6, 9

Additional Psalm: Psalm 2

Old Testament Reading:
Isaiah 44:21–45:13, 20–25
The LORD Redeems Israel
21Remember these things, O Jacob,
         and Israel, for you are my servant;

I formed you; you are my servant;
         O Israel, you will not be forgotten by me.

22I have blotted out your transgressions like a cloud
         and your sins like mist;

return to me, for I have redeemed you.

23Sing, O heavens, for the LORD has done it;
         shout, O depths of the earth;

break forth into singing, O mountains,
         O forest, and every tree in it!

For the LORD has redeemed Jacob,
         and will be glorified in Israel.

24Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer,
         who formed you from the womb:

“I am the LORD, who made all things,
         who alone stretched out the heavens,
         who spread out the earth by myself,

25who frustrates the signs of liars
         and makes fools of diviners,

who turns wise men back
         and makes their knowledge foolish,

26who confirms the word of his servant
         and fulfills the counsel of his messengers,

who says of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be inhabited,’
         and of the cities of Judah, ‘They shall be built,
         and I will raise up their ruins’;

27who says to the deep, ‘Be dry;
         I will dry up your rivers’;

28who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd,
         and he shall fulfill all my purpose’;

saying of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be built,’
         and of the temple,
         ‘Your foundation shall be laid.’”

Cyrus, God’s Instrument
45:1Thus says the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus,
         whose right hand I have grasped,

to subdue nations before him
         and to loose the belts of kings,

to open doors before him
         that gates may not be closed:

2“I will go before you
         and level the exalted places,

I will break in pieces the doors of bronze
         and cut through the bars of iron,

3I will give you the treasures of darkness
         and the hoards in secret places,

that you may know that it is I, the LORD,
         the God of Israel, who call you by your name.

4For the sake of my servant Jacob,
         and Israel my chosen,

I call you by your name,
         I name you, though you do not know me.

5I am the LORD, and there is no other,
         besides me there is no God;
         I equip you, though you do not know me,

6that people may know, from the rising of the sun
         and from the west, that there is none besides me;
         I am the LORD, and there is no other.

7I form light and create darkness,
         I make well-being and create calamity,
         I am the LORD, who does all these things.

8“Shower, O heavens, from above,
         and let the clouds rain down righteousness;

let the earth open, that salvation and righteousness may bear fruit;
         let the earth cause them both to sprout;
         I the LORD have created it.

9“Woe to him who strives with him who formed him,
         a pot among earthen pots!

Does the clay say to him who forms it, ‘What are you making?’
         or ‘Your work has no handles’?

10Woe to him who says to a father, ‘What are you begetting?’
         or to a woman, ‘With what are you in labor?’”

11Thus says the LORD,
         the Holy One of Israel, and the one who formed him:

“Ask me of things to come;
         will you command me concerning my children and the work of my hands?

12I made the earth
         and created man on it;

it was my hands that stretched out the heavens,
         and I commanded all their host.

13I have stirred him up in righteousness,
         and I will make all his ways level;

he shall build my city
         and set my exiles free,

not for price or reward,”
         says the LORD of hosts.…

[The LORD, the Only Savior]
20“Assemble yourselves and come;
         draw near together,
         you survivors of the nations!

They have no knowledge
         who carry about their wooden idols,

and keep on praying to a god
         that cannot save.

21Declare and present your case;
         let them take counsel together!

Who told this long ago?
         Who declared it of old?

Was it not I, the LORD?
         And there is no other god besides me,

a righteous God and a Savior;
         there is none besides me.

22“Turn to me and be saved,
         all the ends of the earth!
         For I am God, and there is no other.

23By myself I have sworn;
         from my mouth has gone out in righteousness
         a word that shall not return:

‘To me every knee shall bow,
         every tongue shall swear allegiance.’

24“Only in the LORD, it shall be said of me,
         are righteousness and strength;

to him shall come and be ashamed
         all who were incensed against him.

25In the LORD all the offspring of Israel
         shall be justified and shall glory.”

Additional Reading: Daniel 10:1–12:13

Additional Reading: Isaiah 48:1–22

New Testament Reading:
Revelation 12:1–17
The Woman and the Dragon
1And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. 2She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth. 3And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems. 4His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she bore her child he might devour it. 5She gave birth to a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne, 6and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which she is to be nourished for 1,260 days.

Satan Thrown Down to Earth
7Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought back, 8but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. 9And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. 11And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death. 12Therefore, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to you, O earth and sea, for the devil has come down to you in great wrath, because he knows that his time is short!”

13And when the dragon saw that he had been thrown down to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. 14But the woman was given the two wings of the great eagle so that she might fly from the serpent into the wilderness, to the place where she is to be nourished for a time, and times, and half a time. 15The serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, to sweep her away with a flood. 16But the earth came to the help of the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed the river that the dragon had poured from his mouth. 17Then the dragon became furious with the woman and went off to make war on the rest of her offspring, on those who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus. And he stood on the sand of the sea.

O Lord Jesus Christ.… Deliver your servants by Your glorious return [Titus 2:13]! The pope and his followers are done for. They will have none of You. Help us who are poor and needy, who sigh to You, and who pray to You earnestly [Romans 8:23, 26], according to the grace You have given us through Your Holy Spirit [Romans 12:3, 6], who lives and reigns with You and the Father, blessed forever. Amen.

The First Part: The Awe-Inspiring Articles
         on the Divine Majesty

  1. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, three distinct persons in one divine essence and na-ture [Matthew 28:19], are one God, who has created heaven and earth [1 Corinthians 8:6].
  2. The Father is begotten of no one; the Son is begotten of the Father [John 1:14]; the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son [John 15:26].
  3. Neither the Father nor the Holy Spirit, but the Son became man [John 1:14].
  4. The Son became man in this manner: He was conceived, without the cooperation of man, by the Holy Spirit [Luke 1:34–35], and was born of the pure, holy Virgin Mary. Afterward, He suffered, died, was buried, descended to hell, rose from the dead [1 Corinthians 15:3–4], ascended to heaven [Acts 1:9–11], sits at the right hand of God [Acts 2:33], will come to judge the quick and the dead, and so on, as the Apostles’ and Athanasian Creeds and our children’s catechism teach.

    — Smalcald Articles Preface and the First Part

Isaiah ’twas foretold it,

The rose I have in mind;

With Mary we behold it,

The virgin mother kind.

To show God’s love aright,

She bore to us a Savior,

When half-spent was the night.

    —Lo, How a Rose E’er Blooming (LSB 359:2)

Prayer of the Day
O God, You make us glad with the yearly remembrance of the birth of Your only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ. Grant that as we joyfully receive Him as our Redeemer, we may with sure confidence behold Him when He comes to be our Judge; through the same Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. (L05)

The Nativity of Our
Lord—Christmas Eve
The exact date of the birth of Jesus is not known, and during the earliest centuries of the Church it seemed to have little signifi-cance. This followed the Early Church’s tradition of honoring and celebrating a Christian’s death as his or her birth date into eternity and the ongoing presence of Jesus. Likewise the life, work, death, and resurrection of Christ was of much greater importance to early Christians than the earthly details of His life. The earliest nativity feast, Epiphany (January 6), celebrated both the birth and Baptism of Christ. However, in the fourth century great Christological controversies that questioned Christ’s divinity and humanity raced throughout Christianity. By AD 336, December 25 had been established in Rome as the celebration of Christ’s birth, a festival welcomed particularly by orthodox Christians in the West. From Rome, Christ’s natal festival spread throughout the Western Church. In Eastern traditions of the Church, Epiphany remains the principal celebration of the birth of Jesus.

Suggested Reading from
the Book of Concord
Large Catechism I 211–221